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National population up 1,1pc in decade
17/12/2012 00:00:00
by Staff Reporter
2012 Census ... Population rose 1,1pc

ZIMBABWE’s national population has risen marginally over the past decade to 12, 9 million, according to preliminary data released Monday.

The last count in 2002 stood at 11, 6 million, meaning the country experienced a slight growth of 1, 1 percent.

Officials revealed that the number of males rose from 5, 6 million to 6, 234 931 while females increased from six million to 6, 738 877.

“This means that the overall sex ratio was 93 males per every 100 females,” reads part of the 122-page report released by the Zimbabwe Statistics Agency (Zimstat).

The agency said the national population consists of 3, 076 222 households, with an average of 4, 2 persons per household.

“With an area of 390 757 square kilometers, Zimbabwe has a population density of 33 persons per square kilometer,” said Zimstats director-general Dzinotizei Mutasa.

Harare is the most populous, accounting for 16 percent with 2, 098 199 people compared to Bulawayo - the least populated - with only 655 675 individuals.

Manicaland Province comes second with 1, 755 000 or 14 percent. Midlands is third at 13 percent, which translates to 1, 622 476 people.

Masvingo and Mashonaland West are tied at 11 percent, with 1, 486 604 and 1, 449 938 people, respectively.

Mashonaland Central’s population stands at 1, 139 940, or 9 percent.

Matabeleland North is at 6 percent or 743 871, while Matabeleland South has the second least population after Bulawayo, at 685 046 or 5 percent.

“The distribution of the number of households by province follows almost the same pattern as that of the population distribution except for Harare, which has 17 percent of the total,” Mutasa said.

“This large number of households in Harare, relative to the other provinces, is an outcome of the size of the households themselves. Unlike predominantly rural areas, relatively many households of small size usually characterize urban areas like Harare.”

He said the sex ratios by province range from 99 to 87 males per 100 females.

“Masvingo and Bulawayo provinces have the lowest while the highest is in Mashonaland West. All the provinces had relatively more females than males,” he added.

Mashonaland East and Mashonaland West had the highest growth rates of 1, 7 percent, followed by Mashonaland Central with 1, 3 percent, Masvingo 1,2 percent, Manicaland 1,1 percent, Harare and Midlands 1,0 percent, Matabeleland South and Matabeleland North 0,5 percent each.

Bulawayo had a slight population decrease with a growth rate of -0, 3 percent. The city has 304 446 males compared to 351 229 females, the preliminary report said.

Harare – whose total of persons per square kilometer is 2 406 – is made up of 1, 011 831 males and 1, 086 368 females.

The final report will be released in March 2014.

The 2012 population census is the fourth since independence in 1980.


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