HARARE: Gold sales to Zimbabwe’s sole buyer and exporter of bullion Fidelity Printers and Refiners (FPR) fell 31% to 19 t last year after lower deliveries from small-scale miners, official data showed on Monday.
FPR pays US dollars in cash to small-scale gold miners, but a shortage of hard cash caused delays in payments most of last year. That forced many of the miners to sell their gold to illegal buyers, industry officials say.
Deliveries of gold, the top foreign currency earner, have been on the decline since reaching a record 33.2 t 2018, mainly due to delays by FPR in paying miners.
The central bank last month announced plans to unbundle FPR into two separate companies and sell a majority stake in the new gold refinery business to miners, in a bid to boost output.
FPR data showed that total gold deliveries fell to 19.05 t from 27.66 t in 2019. Small-scale producers sold only 9.35 t last year compared with 17.48 t in 2019.
The government says gold worth at least $1.2-billion is illegally exported from the country annually.
Last month, Zimbabwe banned the use of mercury in mining, which could further curtail output in the short term from the small-scale sector, which is the major user of the toxic metal when extracting gold.