By Alois Vinga
THE Zimbabwean dollar declined by 3,68% on the first day of trading for the year 2022 at the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) foreign exchange auction amid sustained production-related spurring disbursements.
A trading update released at the close of business Tuesday shows that the local currency depreciated to ZWL$112,82 against US$1 up from ZWL$108,66 recorded at the last auction in 2021.
The official exchange rate continues to lag behind the parallel market rates, which are averaging between ZWL$180 against US$1 for traders on the streets, and up to a high of ZWL$230 against US$1 for traders selling goods and services.
Notably, the spiraling black market rates are largely driven by non-economic factors and are catalysed by speculative and profiteering tendencies.
However, the RBZ has committed to addressing the factors causing the parallel market volatility through instilling disciplinary measures, reducing the money supply, and mopping up excess liquidity among other measures.
The Main Auction received 320 bids totalling US$25,6 million, which saw the highest bidding rate reaching a high of $126 and a low of $104.
Allotments kicked off the year with a sustained priority for the revamping of the productive sector which saw raw materials receiving US$10,9 million, machinery and equipment US$6,8 million, consumables US$2 million, services US$2 million, retail and distribution US$1,7 million and pharmaceuticals US$1,6 million.
On the Small to Medium Enterprises platform, raw materials received US$1,4 million machinery and equipment US$1,7 million and consumables US$567 367, services US$832 305.
The grand total allotted at the close of business was US$30,6 million.