Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa and his finance chief want a new currency by March 2020; would welcome funding from the International Monetary Fund (IMF); and may even consider a eurobond offering as the struggling economy emerges from more than a decade of isolation.
The introduction of a new currency is crucial to his efforts to revive the economy, said Mnangagwa, who secured a five-year term in July elections after the military deposed Robert Mugabe in 2017.
“It is necessary that we have our own currency,” he said in an interview in Maputo, Mozambique’s capital, where he was attending a conference. “I have faith that we’ll achieve that even before the end of the year or by the first quarter of next year.”
The state abolished Zimbabwe’s currency in 2009, after an episode of hyperinflation rendered it worthless. Since then, the country has used a basket of currencies, including the rand and the US dollar. The country has a quasi-currency known as RTGS.
Mnangagwa said his finance minister, Mthuli Ncube, has prepared the ground for a new currency — starting with the first budget surplus he can recall in decades.
“I’ve been in government for 38 years as minister and I can’t remember when you ever had a budget surplus,” Mnangagwa said. “Now, this young man has been able to achieve a budget surplus in less than eight months. So it tells me that what he tells me is possibly true on these issues.”
In May, the government agreed on measures to re-engage with the IMF for the first time in more than a decade. Under the arrangement, known as a staff-monitoring programme, the fund will assess the government’s economic progress by the end of January, Ncube said in the interview.
After that, the government plans to access bridge financing to clear about $1.2bn of arrears to the World Bank, African Development Bank, and the European Investment Bank, he said. Next, is a plan to restructure debt owed to bilateral creditors.
“The first order of business is to clear the arrears then move on to phase two, which is the bilateral discussions with the Paris Club,” Ncube said. “If it works well in the first phase, it’s the same Paris partners who control those two big institutions, the same people. So if they accept supporting us on the same programme with the European Investment Bank, surely they will support us on the bilateral phase as well.”