With his mantra ‘Zimbabwe is open for business’, Emmerson Mnangagwa is hoping to convince the UAE and Russia to invest in his shattered economy
Sanctioned by the West and spurned by China, Zimbabwe has turned to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in its latest bid to find a saviour that can arrest the collapse of its economy.
Zimbabwe’s government has approached the UAE in hopes of selling a stake in its national oil company, according to three company and government officials familiar with the plan. It also wants companies in the UAE to buy more of its gold, they said.
President Emmerson Mnangagwa has said UAE investors will build solar plants in Zimbabwe, and UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan a year ago issued a decree to open an embassy in Zimbabwe. Dubai also contributed to relief efforts when Zimbabwe was hit by a cyclone last year.
Zimbabwe’s economy is in free-fall: It likely contracted by more than 6% last year, according to government estimates. Half the population is in need of food aid, inflation is running at over 500% and its currency has depreciated by more than 90% against the dollar since a 1:1 peg was abolished in February last year.
“They need investment desperately,” said Jee-A van der Linde, an economic analyst at SA’s NKC African Economics. “It’s been snowballing. I don’t know where it’s going to end up. I don’t know how that would be appealing for the UAE.”
Oil companies in the UAE said they were unaware of the interest.
The UAE’s foreign ministry did not respond to requests for comment.
The UAE is not the only country Mnangagwa has targeted for potential investment. Since taking power from Robert Mugabe in a November 2017 coup, he has criss-crossed the globe repeating the mantra “Zimbabwe is open for business”. Two trips to Russia and former Soviet republics revived interest in a platinum project and a fleet of second-hand Belarusian buses now ply the streets of the capital, Harare.
By May 2019, investment pledges worth $27bn had been announced in projects ranging from steel mills to abattoirs. There’s little evidence that they are being developed.
A visit by Wang Yi, the Chinese foreign minister, in January ended with only pledges of further infrastructural projects being carried out by China. There was no mention by the “all-weather-friend” as Zimbabwe likes to describe China, extending any financial bailout.
Zimbabwe wants to sell a stake of as much as 25% in the National Oil Infrastructure Company (NOIC) of Zimbabwe, the sources said, declining to be identified as the plans have not been disclosed.
NOIC owns storage depots at the port of Beira in neighbouring Mozambique as well as five locations in Zimbabwe. It also owns gas stations and the pipeline that brings oil products from Beira to Mutare for companies including Puma Energy, in eastern Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe is prone to frequent shortages of motor fuel and sees a relationship with the UAE, possibly through the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, as a way of securing supply, one of the sources said. The southern African nation consumes 1.4-million liters of gasoline and 2.5-million litres of diesel daily, according to the Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority.
“We are working toward establishing a permanent arrangement with friendly countries and that also includes the UAE,” said Fortune Chasi, Zimbabwe’s energy minister, declining to comment directly on whether Zimbabwe had approached the UAE.